Almost 400 million incidences of dengue fever are recorded every year globally. Dengue is primarily seen in the tropical and subtropical regions of the world including India. Within the last 50 years, dengue has spread across the world to nearly 128 countries and is considered the fastest growing amongst all other mosquito-borne diseases. The number of incidences within that time frame has increased almost 30-fold. In 2015, India saw close to 1 Lakh cases of dengue, which led to nearly 220 deaths.
It is a flu-like illness seen in almost all age groups; dengue symptoms present itself in different forms in varying age groups. It is also called break-bone fever. It is primarily caused by four different types of serotypes and is borne by mosquito kind’s viz. Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus.
What are the various symptoms of dengue fever?
Dengue fever causes are primarily concentrated in wet areas, where Aedes mosquitos thrive. These mosquitos upon biting or probing already infected individuals acquire and carry the virus thereafter which is then transferred to the next person it bites.
The fever catches on 4 – 7 days (incubation period) after the mosquito bites, and given its severity, can last up to 10 days.
There are primarily three forms of dengue varying in severity –
- Mild Dengue Fever.
- Dengue Haemorrhagic Fever.
- Dengue Shock Syndrome.
The first fever catches on 7 days after the mosquito bite and the dengue fever symptoms pertinent to it are listed below –
- High fever of up to 104° F.
- Pain in muscles and joints.
- Rashes across the body.
- Swollen glands.
- Frequent and intense headaches.
- An ache in the eyeball region.
- Feeling nauseous.
Mild dengue is easily curable and such dengue symptoms, in most cases, fade away within a week. Although it still requires appropriate dengue treatment for a timely recovery.
Dengue haemorrhagic fever initially displays symptoms akin to mild dengue fever. Over the course of a few days, though, symptoms take a turn for the worse and can often lead to internal bleeding.
The dengue symptoms listed below are exclusive to a haemorrhagic fever –
- Damp or slimy skin.
- Bleeding from the mouth, nose, and gums.
- Blood vessels and lymph damage.
- Internal bleeding resulting in black faeces and vomit.
- Lowering platelet count in the body.
- Weakened pulse.
- Rashes, which evolve to tiny blood spots.
- Stomach sensitivity.
DHF or dengue haemorrhagic fever demands prompt treatment. Any delay in treating the same can lead to serious complications.
Its treatment involves substantial expenses of up to Rs. 50,000, which include diagnosis, hospitalisation cost, medicinal costs, etc. You can avail Pocket Insurance and Subscriptions like Dengue Insurance Cover offered by reputed insurance aggregators such as Bajaj Finserv to facilitate the expense. It would allow you to avail timely treatment without worrying about necessary financial resources.
Dengue shock syndrome (DSS) is one of the severe forms of this vector-borne disease. It is widely recorded in toddlers around the age of 10 and causes fatal complications. Few of the symptoms seen in this case are common with dengue mild fever. Like DHF, the symptoms of DSS intensify over time.
These are –
- Intense abdominal ache.
- Severe stomach pain.
- Sudden fall in blood pressure leading to blackouts.
- Constant vomiting.
- Fluid leakage from blood vessels.
DSS can potentially lead to death. Hence, when you note the occurrence of any of the symptoms mentioned under mild fever in self or your child, you should visit the doctor immediately for dengue fever prevention.
In case the fever has caught up to DSS or DHF, prompt hospitalisation is a must. You can receive financial compensation for related expenses if you avail Pocket Insurance and Subscriptions like Hospital Cash Cover provided by reputed financial institutions such as Bajaj Finserv.
In case you live near an area where mosquito-borne diseases are frequent, you need to carefully notice any dengue symptoms to treat and prevent it pre-emptively. Make sure to take quick decisions and avail treatment at the earliest.